Speaker says waste, not production capacity, the issue in feeding 9 billion people by 2050
FARGO, N.D. -- Does the world already produce enough food to feed the 9 billion people expected to be on the planet by 2050?
J. Brad Morgan says yes.
"We already produce enough food, today, to feed twice that many people," says Morgan, senior food safety and production efficiency specialist in Pfizer Inc.'s veterinary specialty operations area. Morgan was one of the speakers at the recent North Dakota Stockmen's Association annual convention in Fargo, where he addressed the topic: "Meat Industry Issues: Perceptions are Real, Facts are Negotiable."
It's hard to believe, Morgan says, but each U.S. consumer throws away an average of 242 pounds of food a year. "We throw away so much food that it's just about embarrassing," he says. He thinks part of the reason for U.S. food waste is that food is relatively cheap here -- costing only 7 to 8 percent of disposable incomes. "We're very cheap, very efficient," Morgan says, referring to American production costs. "We do a nice job of producing food in this country. We take it for granted."
Meat is more expensive than other kinds of food. "We throw away about 12 percent of the meat that's produced in the United States on an annual basis," Morgan says. "We're talking about edible, lean meat. Our servings are too large, but when I order something, I expect to get a large serving. We don't need that much to begin with."
Leafy vegetables -- perishable with a short shelf life -- are thrown away at a higher rate. Many vegetables don't even leave the field because they have a color or shape defect -- cosmetically flawed enough so consumers won't accept them.
"We throw away 40 to 50 percent of what we produce: tomatoes, 50 percent; strawberries, about a third," Morgan says. "And of course if you throw away a third, the retailer -- if they know they're going to throw away a third -- they increase the price of a product by a third to cover the cost of throwing it away."
Cable television's Food Network recently aired a program in which celebrity chefs cooked a meal for 200 people for a fundraiser for a New York City food bank. All of the food used to prepare the meal was from food that had been thrown away. "They were shocked when they saw what was thrown away," Morgan says, noting that "beautiful salmon fillets" had been thrown away because they had a cosmetically imperfect blood line, or the shelf life had technically expired.
Morgan says the waste extends to energy needed to produce food. "We throw away about 380 million barrels of oil just on the oil used to produce the food that we throw away," he says.
Morgan spoke on some of the topics in June when he attended the Reciprocal Meats Conference, which attracted 900 people from about 20 countries.
He also talked about technologies that producers are using for a food safety. For example, Pfizer Animal Health makes a vaccine that reduces the amount of E. coli 15787, a bacterial virus in beef animals. A similar vaccine does the same thing for salmonella.
"We've got a good story to tell, and we need to start telling that story," he says. "People will understand what we do for a living if we just try to explain it to them."